The Textile and Wool Labeling Acts – Fiber Content Disclosure – Wool Fiber Names
Wool Fiber Names
Under the Textile Fiber Products Identification Act, the Wool Products Labeling Act, and their accompanying rules, the term “wool” may be used on a label for fiber made from the fleece of sheep or lamb, and the hair of the Angora goat, Cashmere goat, camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Reclaimed or recycled wool fibers must be identified on a label as “recycled wool.”
Specialty Wool Fibers
Although specialty fibers may be called simply “wool” on a label, they also may be identified by their specialty fiber names: “mohair,” “Cashmere,” “camel,” “alpaca,” “llama,” or “vicuna.” If the name of a specialty fiber is used on a label, the percentage of that fiber must appear on the label. In addition, any recycled specialty fiber must be identified as “recycled.” For example:
“50% Recycled Camel Hair
If specialty fiber names are used, they must appear on the required fiber content label and in any other references to the fibers. If the required label simply states “wool,” a specialty fiber name cannot be used in other non-required information (such as a hangtag) that may appear anywhere on the product. For example, if the label says: “100% Wool,” the phrase “Fine Cashmere Garment” may not appear on the required label or any other label or tag. If the garment has a small amount of Cashmere, and that fact is emphasized in some way, Cashmere should be listed on the label with the actual percentage. For example:
As with other fiber content disclosures, all parts of the fiber content information must be in type of equal size and conspicuousness. References to the specialty fiber cannot be misleading or deceptive. For example, if a jacket has the above label (disclosing that it contains 3% Cashmere), it would be misleading to attach another label to the sleeve stating “FINE CASHMERE BLEND” unless the sleeve label repeats the full fiber disclosure with percentages by weight.
Other Hair or Fur Fibers
The term “fur fiber” may be used to describe the hair or fur fiber, or mixtures thereof, of any animals other than sheep, lamb, Angora goat, Cashmere goat, camel, alpaca, llama, and vicuna. The name of another animal may be used if its hair or fur fiber comprises more than five percent of the fiber weight. For example:
30% Fur Fiber
10% Angora Rabbit”
The hair or fiber of new varieties of cross-bred animals, such as Cashgora hair or Paco-Vicuna hair, also can be disclosed in this way. For example:
40% Cashgora Hair”
If a hair or fur fiber is attached to the animal skin, it is covered by the Federal Trade Commission’s Fur Rules.